CONSTITUTION AND BYLAWS OF THE MARYLAND GREEN PARTY
Adopted unanimously at the Maryland Green Party Gathering and Assembly August 13, 2000, at Lake Elkhorn Pavilion in Columbia, Maryland, by the individuals designated in the partyforming petition as the initial governing body (the “Committee of 25”) and ratified unanimously by the Coordinating Council and by the whole Assembly. Green Party Co-Chair Bob S. Auerbach, who is designated the State chairman of the Green Party in the party-forming petition, convened the meeting and presided as president pro tem of the meeting of the Committee of 25 until party officers were elected. Amended at the MGP State Assembly held at Towson University, May 12-13, 2001. Amended at the MGP State Assembly held at HCLS Elkridge Branch, June 30, 2018.
ARTICLE 1 NAME
1.1 The name of this organization is the Maryland Green Party (hereinafter referred to as “MGP”).
ARTICLE 2 PURPOSE
2.1 The MGP is an association of Maryland residents, and a statewide confederation of Local Green organizations, working to promote peace, environmental values, social justice, and democracy.
2.2 To further these aims, the MGP intends (1) to seek and maintain political party status under Maryland law and to run Green Party candidates for political office; (2) to work in solidarity with groups and individuals sharing the same aims as the MGP; and (3) to assist the development of, and communication and coordination among, Local Green organizations (hereinafter “Locals”).
2.3 The MGP adopts the following Green Ten Key Values (hereinafter “Green Values”), which are: Ecological Wisdom, Social Justice, Grassroots Democracy, Nonviolence, Decentralization, Community Economics, Respect for Diversity, Feminism, Personal and Global Responsibility, and Future Focus / Sustainability.
ARTICLE 3 MEMBERSHIP
3.1 Eligibility for Participation: The Coordinating Council of MGP, with the advice and consent of delegates from the Locals, is authorized to adopt reasonable eligibility criteria for participation in the decisionmaking processes that relate to electoral activity and the business of the MGP. Any such criteria adopted by the Coordinating Council are subject to rejection, ratification, or amendment at the next following Assembly or Convention of the MGP.
3.2 Guidelines for Membership: The Coordinating Council shall endeavor to include all persons who seek membership in the MGP, and who, through their deeds and aspirations, further the aims of the MGP. Criteria adopted by the Coordinating Council may include support for Green Values and the aims of the MGP, or requirements pertaining to official political party affiliation.
3.3 Individual Freedom: Under no circumstances shall the MGP require adherence to any creed or dogma, nor shall the MGP seek to impose any orthodoxy or ideology. In keeping with the Green Values of decentralized decisionmaking, autonomy, protection of minority points of view, and respect for diversity, the MGP is committed to freedom of conscience, intellectual freedom, freedom of expression, and freedom of association. The MGP shall not require the taking of any oath, nor shall it require the recital of any pledge of allegiance or credo, or any public or private profession of loyalty.
3.4 Local Autonomy: Any criteria for participation in the decisionmaking processes of the MGP shall not be construed to infringe upon the right of Locals to open their meetings and processes for purposes not specifically related to electoral activity or the business of the MGP.
ARTICLE 4 LOCALS, COUNTIES, AND REGIONAL CONFEDERATIONS
4.1 Locals: The Local is the basic decisionmaking and organizing entity of the MGP.
4.2(a) Organizing New Locals: The MGP, with the participation of established Locals, shall make efforts to organize Greens unrepresented by any Local, by facilitating communication and coordination of organizing efforts.
4.2(b) Application for Recognition as Local: An organization of members of the MGP shall, upon application to the MGP, be recognized by the MGP and all other Locals as an autonomous Local if that organization (a) has at least three (3) recognized members of the MGP; (b) holds or intends to hold regular meetings that are open to all MGP members and interested persons; and (c) does not represent a region or membership greater than could reasonably attend and voice opinions at those meetings.
4.3 Local Charters: Each Local may, from time to time, draft and ratify a charter, statement of purpose, or bylaws expressing the character and enduring issues of that Local, and how those issues relate to the Green Values and the aims of the MGP.
4.4 Duties of Locals: While having complete autonomy within Article 3 and within Section 4.1 of these Interim Bylaws with regard to its own organization, structure, policies, and decisions, each Local shall keep and maintain complete and accurate membership rolls and shall regularly provide that information to the MGP Membership Committee; shall keep minutes for all meetings; shall from time to time appoint delegates and representatives to MGP committees, conventions, and assemblies; and, for purposes of elections, and in order to comply with applicable and valid election laws, shall coordinate all electionrelated activities with the Electoral Committee of the MGP.
4.5 Confederations within a County: For purposes of election law, in counties where two or more Locals exist, these Locals may form a confederation to coordinate electoral activity within that county in consultation with the Electoral Committee of the MGP. It is up to those Locals to determine the structure of the confederations, except that any such structure should not be inconsistent with valid election law.
4.6 Other Confederations: Where bio-regional issues or electoral districts include more than one county, the Locals and / or county confederations that comprise the area should form a confederation to coordinate activities relevant to that issue or electoral district. The formation of any electoral district confederations should involve consultation with the Electoral Committee of the MGP. It is up to those Locals and/or county confederations to determine the structure of such a confederation except that any such structure should not be inconsistent with valid election law.
4.7 Designation of County-Level Committees: For purposes of Maryland election law, in counties where only one Local exists, that Local may be designated the County Central Committee (or whatever county level governing body may be called for by election law). In counties with more than one Local, the governing body of the county confederation described in Section 4.4 may be designated the County Central Committee (or whatever county level governing body may be called for by election law).
ARTICLE 5 RULES OF ORDER AND PROCESS
5.1 Consensus-Seeking; Green Meeting Process Manual. In all proceedings, assemblies, committees, and other meetings, except where mandated otherwise by these Interim Bylaws or by valid election law, the MGP shall seek to arrive at decisions by consensus. An example of consensus process is outlined in the printed text of the Maryland Green Meeting Process Manual (a modified version of the Meeting and Process Manual Draft 10/11/96 published by the Ohio Greens, based on an earlier version published by the Green Party of Alaska). If consensus cannot be reached after a period of discussion considered reasonable by two-thirds (2/3) of those members present at a meeting, a vote shall be called for. Except where specifically provided otherwise in these Interim Bylaws, the decision of a two-thirds (2/3) majority on substantive issues and a 50%+1 majority on process issues shall prevail.
5.2 Voting Methods: When practical, the selection of MGP candidates, delegates, members of the Coordinating Council, and other officers shall be by proportional or preference balloting.
5.3 Accountability and Dissent: MGP officers, committee members, and representatives are accountable to the principles and policies established by the membership. However, the MGP affirms the right of its members to public and private dissent. Any member may disagree with and work against MGP policy as long as the member is not acting as a representative or delegate of the MGP or portraying the member’s position as MGP policy.
5.4 Consideration of Interests of Absent Persons. In any decision, the interests of Greens unable to attend a decisionmaking forum shall be considered.
ARTICLE 6 ASSEMBLIES
6.1 Local Primacy: Locals are the primary decisionmaking and organizational fora for Greens in Maryland. However, decisions on matters within the scope of the MGP shall be made at meetings of the MGP membership, which are generically referred to as Assemblies.
6.2 Annual Meeting: The MGP shall hold an MGP Assembly at least once a year, in May or June. Public notice of Assemblies and other meetings, including the notification of all Locals, shall be made at least 45 days in advance of any meeting, with the exception of MGP Meetings called before November 15, 2000, which shall require 14 days notice. All proposed Bylaws changes and major policy proposals shall be made available to all members and distributed to all Locals at least 30 days prior to any MGP Assembly, excepting those called before November 15, 2000, where 14 days shall suffice. Proposed agenda items, Bylaws changes, and policy proposals should be communicated to the current state Co-Chairs 35 days prior to any MGP Assembly, excepting those called before November 15, 2000, where 17 days shall suffice.
6.3 Special Assemblies: An exception to the notice requirements of Section 6.2 of these Interim Bylaws shall be made for Special MGP Assemblies necessary to gain or maintain political party status or ballot access under Maryland election law. The MGP in such cases will use best efforts to notify all persons as early as possible, and business will be limited to matters relating to gaining or maintaining political party status or ballot access under Maryland election law. All decisions made at these MGP Assemblies shall be subject to review at the next MGP Assembly.
6.4 Emergency Assemblies: Emergency MGP Assemblies may be called by three (3) Locals or by the petition of 25 members. Requests for such meetings shall be made to the Co-Chairs, who shall instruct the Membership Coordinator to send out notice of the meeting within 10 days, with the meeting to be convened within 70 days of receiving a valid request.
6.5 Dispute Resolution: The Coordinating Council shall, with the advice and consent of the Locals, draft and apply procedures, consistent with the Rules of Order in Article 5, for dispute resolution at MGP Assemblies. Those procedures shall include processes for immediately examining and resolving disputes, for referring certain credentialing disputes to the otherwise credentialed membership, and for appealing any decisions and evaluating the procedures after the Assembly.
ARTICLE 7 COORDINATING COUNCIL
7.1 Powers and Duties: The Coordinating Council shall implement the policies established by MGP Assemblies, and shall conduct all MGP business between MGP Assemblies subject to the review of the membership at the next MGP Assembly.
7.2 Composition of Coordinating Council: The Coordinating Council shall consist of the officers of the MGP and delegates from each of the Locals. Each Local shall be entitled to one delegate, plus additional delegates according to the following formula: one (1) additional delegate when the Local reaches twenty (20) members who are active in that Local, and one additional delegate for each fifty (50) members who are active in that Local thereafter. Members are as defined in Article 3 of these Bylaws. Each Local shall ensure gender parity of its delegation and shall comply with Article 11 of these Bylaws. No person on the Coordinating Council shall have more than one vote.
7.3 Vacancies: In the event an officer resigns or is otherwise unable to fulfill the duties of office between MGP Assemblies, the Coordinating Council shall have the power to appoint a replacement until the next MGP Assembly, at which time a new officer shall be selected to fill the remaining portion of that term. In the event a delegate from a Local resigns or is otherwise unable to serve on the Coordinating Council, the Local shall appoint a replacement. Until a Local has filled the vacancy of a delegate who has resigned, that Local will not be counted as a recognized Local for purposes of the quorum requirement of Section 7.6.
7.4 Meetings: The Coordinating Council shall meet at least once a month during the party-forming petition drive, and shall otherwise meet at least four (4) times a year. The Co-Chairs may call an emergency Coordinating Council meeting by giving all Locals and officers 7 days notice.
7.5 Attendance at Meetings: It is the declared policy of the MGP that regular attendance at meetings of the Coordinating Council by members of the Coordinating Council is vital to the success of the MGP. Two consecutive absences of a delegate or officer, unless such absences are authorized by the person (Co-Chair, Convenor, or Facilitator) presiding at the meeting from which the delegate or officer is absent, shall be construed as a resignation unless the Coordinating Council determines otherwise.
7.6 Quorum: Provided that there is representation from at least one-half of all recognized Locals, a majority of members of the Coordinating Council shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.
7.7 Meetings by Telephone and Electronic Meetings: In urgent situations where a face-to-face meeting is not feasible, meetings of the Coordinating Council may be conducted by telephone or by electronic means. In such cases, persons participating in the discussion by telephone or by electronic means will be deemed present for purposes of the quorum requirements in Section 7.6.
7.8 Open Meetings: Meetings of the Coordinating Council shall generally be open to attendance by all members of the MGP, and shall also generally be open to attendance by the general public. Decisionmaking will be limited to members of the Coordinating Council, unless the Coordinating Council determines, by consensus, to include other persons in attendance. The Coordinating Council may restrict attendance at meetings, and may hold meetings not open to the public, or not open to the general membership, for purposes consistent with the fundamental purposes of the MGP, in situations similar to those in which an “executive session” would be proper under Open Meetings laws applicable to public bodies. In all such cases, the Recording Secretary shall make a notation in the minutes that the meeting was restricted, and shall record the reason for the restrictions.
ARTICLE 8 OFFICERS
8.1 Officers: The officers of the MGP shall include: Two Co-Chairs; a Treasurer; a Recording Secretary; and a Membership Coordinator, as provided in this Article.
8.2 Co-Chairs: Two Co-Chairs shall be selected annually at the first MGP Assembly of each year. The Co-Chairs shall share responsibility for facilitating all MGP Assemblies and Coordinating Council meetings. The Co-Chairs shall also be the main public spokespersons for the MGP, or, in consultation with the Press and Publicity Committee, may delegate the task of public spokesperson. The CoChairs shall serve for a maximum of two (2) consecutive annual terms, and may not serve again for two (2) years. An exception can be made by a majority vote at the MGP Assembly to waive the term limit for one year for the purpose of maintaining continuity in the Chair listed on the Petition to Form a New Party for the purpose of gaining ballot status. Because the MGP strongly supports diversity and affirmative action, the MGP intends that at least one of the Co-Chair positions should be held by a woman or member of a minority group. In the event neither of the Co-Chairs can attend a meeting, a temporary facilitator can be selected at that meeting to conduct the proceedings of that meeting.
8.3 Treasurer: A Treasurer shall be selected annually at the first MGP Assembly of each year. The Treasurer shall maintain the financial books of the MGP, work 6 with the finance committee to develop a budget, file all necessary election reports and forms to comply with federal and state election laws in a timely manner, maintain all bank and financial accounts for the organization, and make a public accounting of the finances of the organization at each MGP Assembly for the period since the last MGP Assembly. The Treasurer may serve a maximum of five (5) consecutive terms, and thereafter shall be unable to serve as Treasurer for two (2) years. An exception can be made by a majority vote at an MGP Assembly to waive the term limit for an additional year if no other qualified member can be found willing to serve in this position.
8.4 Recording Secretary: A Recording Secretary shall be selected annually at the first MGP Assembly. The Recording Secretary shall take, publish, and maintain the minutes of all MGP Assemblies and Coordinating Committee meetings. Within 10 days of any meeting, the Recording Secretary shall make the minutes of that meeting available to any member who requests it, and shall send the minutes to the Co-Chairs and all Locals. In the event that the Recording Secretary is unable to attend a meeting, a temporary replacement shall be selected at that meeting to record the minutes of that meeting. The Recording Secretary may serve a maximum of three (3) consecutive annual terms.
8.5 Membership Coordinator: A Membership Coordinator shall be selected annually at the first MGP Assembly. The Membership Coordinator shall maintain the contact information of all members and Locals for the purposes of communicating with members and Locals. The Membership Coordinator shall, with the assistance of the Membership Committee, organize efforts to recruit and retain members. The Membership Coordinator may serve a maximum of three consecutive annual terms.
8.6 Incompatible Offices: No elected official may serve as an officer of the MGP, without express approval by the Coordinating Council.
8.7 Rotation: Term Limits: No person shall serve as an officer of the MGP for more than three (3) consecutive years, with the exception of the Treasurer, who may serve as Treasurer for no more than five (5) consecutive years as provided in Section 8.3, and also with the exceptions provided in Section 8.2 of these Interim Bylaws.
ARTICLE 9 STANDING COMMITTEES
9.1 The Maryland Green Party shall have Standing Committees designated in this Article, and may receive reports from such other committees as, from time to time, the Coordinating Council shall create and appoint, subject to Section 9.9. Each Committee shall conduct its business according to Section 5.1. Each committee shall be convened by a person of its own choosing, unless otherwise specified in this Article.
9.2 Finance Committee: The Finance Committee shall include a representative from each Local and the Treasurer, who shall convene the committee. The Finance Committee shall be responsible for helping the Treasurer set and implement financial policies, develop a budget, comply with federal and state campaign finance and election law, and to help the Treasurer with other matters pertaining to the finances of the organization. The Finance Committee shall meet at least bi-monthly.
(1) Membership Committee: The Membership Committee shall include one representative from each Local and the Membership Coordinator, who shall convene the committee. The Membership Committee shall be responsible for assisting the Membership Coordinator in the maintenance of the MGP member contact information, and with organizing and implementing efforts to recruit and retain members, to increase Green voter registration, and to orient new members. The Membership Committee shall meet at least quarterly.
(2) Outreach Subcommittee of the Membership Committee: The Membership Committee shall create a subcommittee to work with the Locals to determine ways to reach out to new persons not yet involved with the Greens, with special attention to recruiting person from groups that may be demographically underrepresented in the MGP. The Outreach Subcommittee shall submit monthly reports of its findings, efforts, and progress on recruitment and affirmative action, in accordance with Article 11, to the Coordinating Council.
9.4 Electoral Committee: The Electoral Committee shall include one representative from each Local, and the Co-Chairs of the MGP. The Electoral Committee shall coordinate MGP electoral activity, including the recruitment of candidates; shall gather, calendar, and process other information about upcoming election contests; shall support MGP electoral campaigns; shall keep the MGP informed of and in compliance with election laws; shall coordinate efforts to gain and maintain ballot status; and shall coordinate efforts to change election laws. The Electoral Committee shall meet at least quarterly.
9.5 Bylaws Review and Rules Committee: The Bylaws Review and Rules Committee shall include at least one representative from each Local and the CoChairs. It shall review all process disputes for the purpose of making proposals to amend the Bylaws if deemed necessary. The Committee may draft proposals for amendments to the rules of order for MGP decisionmaking forums as permitted under the Bylaws. The Committee shall also conduct annual Bylaws reviews for the purpose of considering improvements to the Bylaws and making proposals to amend the Bylaws for the purpose of complying with changes in the election laws. The Committee shall review all amendment proposals and develop alternative proposals as it deems necessary, and facilitate the communication of all proposed amendments or alternatives, along with rationales for each proposal, to members of the MGP for consideration in advance of MGP Assemblies.
9.6 Nominating Committee: The Nominating Committee shall include at least one representative from each Local. The Nominating Committee shall recruit and nominate officers of the MGP, and shall receive nominations from the membership and the Locals.
9.7 Meetings and Assemblies Committee: The Meetings and Assemblies Committee shall include at least one representative of each Local. The Meetings and Assemblies Committee shall plan and schedule the meetings, gatherings, assemblies, and conventions of the MGP.
9.8 Press and Publicity Committee: The Press and Publicity Committee shall include at least one representative from each Local that chooses to elect such a representative. The Press and Publicity Committee shall monitor press coverage of the MGP and its Locals; shall arrange for publicity and press coverage of MGP events and candidates, when appropriate; and shall assist the Locals in arranging for publicity and press coverage of Local events and candidates. The Press and Publicity Committee may also be called upon to help the Co-Chairs select appropriate persons to speak publicly on behalf of the MGP.
9.9 Platform Committee: The Platform Committee shall include one representative from each Local. The Platform Committee shall develop and propose to the Coordinating Council processes for fulfilling Article 12 of these Bylaws in a fair, democratic, and deliberative manner in close consultation with the Locals.
9.10 Conflict Resolution Committee: The Conflict Resolution Committee shall include the Co-Chairs, one representative from each Local, and a representative from the Bylaws Review and Rules Committee. The Conflict Resolution Committee shall: 1) develop processes for resolving conflicts within the MGP; 2) assist MGP Locals in developing processes for resolving conflicts within the Locals; 3) review upon request any disciplinary action taken by the MGP or its Locals; and 4) assist the Locals in the training of members in conflict resolution.
9.11 Local Representation on Ad Hoc Committees: Other committees may be organized on an ad hoc basis by creation and appointment by the Coordinating Council, but each Local shall have the right to appoint a representative to each committee, and any MGP officer having duties directly concerning the work of the committee shall also serve on any such committee.
ARTICLE 10 ELECTIONS AND CANDIDATES FOR PUBLIC OFFICE
10.1 Committee of Twenty-Five and other Committees: The MGP anticipates that its decentralized internal structure will not always coincide with the traditional hierarchical structures evidenced by other political parties and organizations. For purposes of satisfying local, state, or federal law, the MGP may, at its discretion, create committees and/or organizations to meet any necessary legal 9 requirements for ballot access, elections, fundraising, voter registration, etc. These committees and / or organizations will always remain subject to Articles 2, 5, and 6, but may be allowed limited autonomy as specified by the MGP. The Committee of 25 (also sometimes known as the “Committee of 26”) is such a committee created to satisfy state law, and, although it has responsibility for the party-forming petition, it has delegated its powers, duties, and routine functions to the Coordinating Council.
10.2 Political Party Status and Ballot Access: The MGP shall seek to gain and maintain political party status and ballot access under state law. This will include, but is not limited to, running candidates for local, regional, state, and federal offices in order to gain and retain ballot access. Although the MGP Interim Bylaws contain provisions to comply with election laws for these purposes, the MGP expressly reserves the right to adopt measures, and to exercise legal action, to challenge ballot access burdens or other election laws the MGP determines to be unduly restrictive or otherwise not in accordance with democratic principles.
10.3 Green Party Candidates: The MGP reserves the power, in consultation with the Locals, to withhold the designation Green from, and to reject, any candidate the MGP deems inappropriate, wishing to run as, or claiming to be, a Green Party candidate in Maryland. The MGP will only endorse or nominate registered Green candidates. Alternatively, candidates barred from registering Green are eligible for an endorsement or nomination if they are designated Green by the MGP.
10.4 Qualifications of Candidates: Individuals seeking to run as candidates of the MGP must support Green Values, and for all offices other than the President and Vice-President of the United States, must be members of the MGP.
(1) Statewide Office: To be considered for candidacy as the Green Party candidate for any statewide office, a person must be nominated by a Local or by at least three MGP members, who shall offer a statement of the candidate’s name, address, and qualifications for the office, to the Electoral Committee. Because of the enormous challenge under current ballot access laws of running statewide candidates for office, and therefore the importance of timely decisions regarding candidates for these offices, the Coordinating Council, subject to review at MGP Assemblies, shall make all decisions concerning the candidacy of statewide candidates for office, upon reports from the Electoral Committee, except that decisions concerning the filling of a vacant nomination and decisions regarding multiple qualified candidates shall be made by Nominating Conference as provided in Section 10.8 through Section 10.10.
(2) President and Vice-President: Candidates for President and Vice President shall be chosen at a Green Party National Nominating Convention, although the MGP reserves the right not to run the candidates selected at such conventions. The MGP at the MGP Assembly immediately prior to a presidential national nominating convention shall 10 hold a Convention and decide by preference vote the presidential nominee for the purpose of instructing delegates to that national nominating convention how to vote on behalf of the MGP. Delegate allotment shall be determined according to Article 5, Section 2 of these Interim Bylaws.
10.6 Local and Regional Candidates: Candidates for municipal, county, or district offices shall seek endorsement from the Local or confederation of Locals that comprise the candidate’s district, in accordance with Article 3 and Sections 4.5 and 4.6.
10.7 Nominating Conferences: The Maryland Green Party shall call special expedited meetings, known as Nominating Conferences, under the circumstances and in the manner provided in Section 10.8 through Section 10.10.
10.8 Conference to Fill a Vacant Nomination. A Nominating Conference to fill a vacant nomination shall be swiftly convened in any of the following circumstances: (1) when a person nominated (by petition, by convention, or by other means) to be a Green Party candidate for any public office declines that nomination; or (2) upon rejection of a nominee’s candidacy by an Assembly or by the Coordinating Committee pursuant to Section 10.3; or (3) whenever the Coordinating Council determines that a person nominated as a Green Party candidate is otherwise ineligible or unable to stand for election.
10.9 Conference When Multiple Persons Qualify for Nomination. Regarding any election contest in Maryland for which two or more persons eligible to run as Green Party candidates have become qualified for nomination by petition in the same contest, a Nominating Conference shall be swiftly convened to determine which persons shall be designated on the ballot as nominees of the Green Party.
10.10 Procedures for Nominating Conference. The Coordinating Council, in consultation with the Electoral Committee and the Bylaws Review and Rules Committee, is authorized to adopt special operating procedures to apply at Nominating Conferences under any of the circumstances enumerated in Section 10.8 or Section 10.9, in order to expedite a fair and timely decision in the interests of the MGP and in furtherance of Green Values. Unless otherwise specified in such operating procedures, a Nominating Conference shall be convened by the Co-Chairs and shall include the Coordinating Council and the Electoral Committee, and, in the case of candidates for local or district offices, representatives of any Locals or district confederations involved in the nomination. Appropriate potential replacement nominees identified by the Electoral Committee or by any affected Local shall be invited to appear at Nominating Conferences convened under Section 10.8; qualifying candidates 11 shall be invited to appear at Nominating Conferences convened under Section 10.9. To the extent time and resources permit, the Nominating Conference shall seek to learn the views of the Green Party membership, or the views of the membership within the relevant electoral district, concerning the decision facing the Nominating Conference. Among the factors that shall be considered by the Nominating Conference are, without limitation, (1) the extent of support for various candidates shown by Green Party members; (2) consistency of the various candidates’ campaigns, especially their campaign finance practices, with MGP rules, policies, or principles; (3) the extent to which various candidates have cooperated with Green Locals and/or with the Electoral Committee; and (4) the likelihood that a given candidacy will enhance the political dialogue and will further the aims of the MGP. Decisions of a Nominating Conference shall be final. However, the proceedings of any Nominating Conference shall be documented, and any adversely affected person shall be encouraged to submit to the Recording Secretary a simple factual memorandum and a concise evaluation of the process, for transmission to the Bylaws Review and Rules Committee. The Bylaws Review and Rules Committee will review such documentation together with any memoranda and evaluations, in order to monitor and improve Maryland Green Party nominating processes.
ARTICLE 11 AFFIRMATIVE ACTION
11.1 It shall be the policy of the MGP that the membership of the Maryland Green Party, as well as delegates to the Coordinating Council or to MGP Assemblies, MGP Officers, members of standing committees, candidates, and delegations to Green confederations above the state level, reflect as closely as possible the general population of Maryland with regard to race, gender, and ethnicity. The Outreach Subcommittee shall submit monthly reports detailing and evaluating its outreach and recruitment efforts to implement this policy, as provided in Section 9.3(2).
ARTICLE 12 PLATFORM
12.1 The MGP may from time to time adopt a platform reflecting the statement of purpose and Green Values of the MGP as they apply to political, social, and economic conditions in Maryland. The MGP platform may also address political, social, and economic issues outside Maryland.
12.2 The MGP Platform may only be adopted or amended by a 2/3 majority of all members present at an MGP Assembly.
12.3 The MGP Platform shall be non-binding on the Locals; the MGP encourages Locals to take the initiative on enacting and implementing policy provisions.
ARTICLE 13 MARYLAND STATE ELECTION LAWS AND OTHER BUSINESS
13.1 The provisions of Section 13.2 shall apply only to the extent necessary to satisfy Maryland state election law, or otherwise in order to further the aims of the MGP.
13.2 For the purpose of Maryland election laws: (1) The Coordinating Council established by these Interim Bylaws is deemed to be the “Central Committee,” or other State governing body required by state law. (2) These Interim Bylaws are deemed the “Constitution and Bylaws” of the MGP. (3) The Coordinating Council shall designate one Co-Chair as the Chair of the MGP and/or as the Chair of the Committee of 25.
13.3 For the purposes of conducting other business, the Coordinating Council is authorized to designate one Co-Chair as the “Chair and President,” may designate the other Co-Chair as “Vice-Chair and Vice President” of the MGP, and may designate the Recording Secretary as the “Secretary.”
13.4 These designations shall in no way alter the powers or duties of these officers pursuant to these Interim Bylaws, nor shall they be construed as making one CoChair superior to the other.
ARTICLE 14 ADOPTION OF BYLAWS AND AMENDMENT
14.1 Ratification: These Interim Bylaws may be ratified by a 2/3 majority at a State Convention or other meeting called by three or more Green Locals in Maryland.
14.2 Effective Date: These Interim Bylaws shall take effect at the end of the State Convention or other meeting at which they are ratified.
14.3 Interim Nature of these Bylaws: It is the intention that these Interim Bylaws will be revisited in their entirety and superseded by more permanent bylaws.
14.4 Who May Propose Amendments: Amendments to these Interim Bylaws may be proposed by any member or any Local.
14.5 Temporary Amendment Rule: Until November 15, 2000, or unless these Interim Bylaws are superseded by an entire revised bylaws at an MGP Assembly, the Coordinating Council shall be authorized to amend these Interim Bylaws, other than Articles 2, 5, and 14, by a three-fourths (3/4) majority of the members of the Coordinating Council present at a meeting of the Coordinating Council at which a quorum is present, provided that those amendments are not contrary to Articles 2, 5, or 14, and that the Coordinating Council affirmatively determines that the amendment is vital to carrying out the purpose of the MGP. Any such amendment shall take effect immediately, but shall be subject to review by the members and Locals at the next MGP Assembly.
14.6 General Amendment Rule: Amendments may also be ratified by a 2/3 majority at any MGP Assembly, and take effect immediately upon adjournment at the Assembly at which they are adopted, unless the amendment specifically provides otherwise.